Disease control is one thing that mankind has had to battle with over the years. In the past decades and even centuries, neighbourhoods, towns, cities, countries, continents and the world have been plagued by different diseases and different stakeholders have played key roles in responding to these diseases. Examples include Ebola, malaria with COVID-19 being the most recent amongst others. At the midst these crises, the government, health personnel, local and international organisations and even the communities play a great role; this indicates that’s in responding to diseases, no one is indispensable. As said by the World health organisation (community engagement module B5). The range of meaningful community engagement activities include, informing, consulting, involving, collaborating and partnering with government. The rest of this work will therefore focus on the role of communities in the response to diseases.
To begin with most importantly, communities are charged to rapidly report and isolate infected patients where necessary so that the sick will not continue to infect their families and the rest of the population. (astho.org page 33)
Also, in responding to diseases communities play the role of abiding and adhering to preventive checks, prescribed by health workers while already infected persons adhere to treatments being put in place. (Campbell et al)
Next, it is a duty of every community leader to set up a response team like the Ebola task forces to lead contract tracing case investigation and reporting as well as surveillance. The community based Ebola task force also instituted quarantine measures and provided food and water those confined to their homes. (AI.COMM ¨bringing the community together to plan for disease outbreak and emergencies)
Furthermore, protecting against environmental health hazards means addressing aspects of the environment that pose risk to human health such as monitoring air and water quality development policies and programs to reduce exposure to environmental health risks and promote healthy environmental risks such as food borne and water borne diseases, radiation occupational health hazards and public health nuisance. (Janet I et al ¨leaving in our toxic world)
More so, Individuals should make it a duty to make in cases of blood transfusion that testes like the HIV and cancer test be ran on the donor before properly administering this blood to patients in need.
In addition, with the innovations of latex (male and female condoms), and bearing in mind that they are instruments to preventing sexual transmittable diseases, communities has that role to making sure they respect the use of this in as much as they have multiple sex partners or indulging into sexual activities with knowing a partner’s status. (Kk Holmes . 2014)
In conclusion, looking at the write up above, it is highly indicative that in disease management and control, it is not only the government, health personnel, health facilities and organisations just to name a few that is involved as the local population has a key role to play such as respecting preventive norms and adhering to treatments put I place.